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第385回化学システム工学専攻公開セミナー Partial Interzeolite Transformation for the Fabrication of Superior Catalysts for the Conversion of Bulky Molecules

日時
2023年2月13日(月)13:30-15:00
場所
工学部3号館6C06号室
Online participation
https://u-tokyo-ac-jp.zoom.us/j/81885584157?pwd=aVJTUW1mUXBnNkJETTRXQjRoczN2dz09
Meeting ID: 818 8558 4157
Passcode: 638349
講演題目 Partial Interzeolite Transformation for the Fabrication of Superior Catalysts for the Conversion of Bulky Molecules
講演者 Javier García-Martínez
Laboratorio de Nanotecnología, Molecular, Departamento de Química
Inorgánica, Universidad de Alicante, 03690 Alicante, Spain
https://nanomol.es/en/
概要 nterzeolite transformation has been used to produce a novel family of hierarchical catalysts featuring excellent textural properties, strong acidity, and superior catalytic performance for the Friedel−Crafts alkylation of indole with benzhydrol, the Claisen−Schmidt condensation of benzaldehyde and hydroxyacetophenone, and the cracking of polystyrene [1].
Intermediate solids of the FAU interzeolite transformation into BEA display both increased accessibility due to the development of mesoporosity and strong acidity caused by the presence of ultrasmall crystals or zeolitic fragments in their structure. [2]
During the presentation, I will describe a new strategy for the synthesis of superior hierarchical catalysts, whose properties evolve during interzeolite transformation. They are composed of zeolitic fragments and display improved accessibility.
Because of these features, they effectively catalyze reactions involving large molecules.
We realized this strategy for the interconversion of FAU into BEA. Additionally, we used quaternary ammonium surfactants to develop well-defined mesoporosity in the intermediates.
By stopping the interconversion of FAU into BEA at different times, we were able to produce Interzeolite Transformation Intermediates (ITIs) showing optimized catalytic performance.
An important advantage of this strategy is that the physicochemical properties and, therefore the catalytic performance of the hierarchical catalysts can be finely tuned by simply stopping the interzeolite transformation at different times.
This creates countless opportunities for the development of hierarchical catalysts [3] with optimized properties and superior catalytic performance for those reactions in which zeolites present significant diffusion limitations.
Additionally, I will present a new approach we have developed for the fabrication of superior catalytic materials made out of building units from different zeolite structures by partial interzeolite conversion using a long chain quaternary amine, which acts both as a structure directing agent (SDA) and porogen (surfactant).
This method allows to control the amount of the different zeolitic building units in the final material and consequently to optimize its catalytic performance.
We realized this for the cracking of 1,3,5-triisopropylbenzene. Hybrid zeolites yielded a five-hold increase to the desired product at constant conversion over the commercial USY, CBV780, and a 7-fold increase in the conversion of this bulky molecule at constant selectivity over the MFI zeolite

[1] M. J. Mendoza-Castro, E.De Oliveira-Jardim, N.T. Ramírez-Marquez, C. A, N. Linares, J.García-Martínez, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 144(11) 5163–5171 (2022)
[2] G. Fleury, M. J Mendoza-Castro, N. Linares, M. BJ. Roeffaers, J. García-Martínez, ACS Materials Lett. 4 49–54 (2022)
[3] R. Jain, A. Chawla, N. Linares, J. García-Martínez, J.D. Rimer, Adv. Mater. 33(22), 2100897 (2021)
[4] M. J. Mendoza-Castro, Z. Qie, X. Fan, N. Linares, J. García-Martínez, Nature Communications (accepted)
世話人 Raquel Simancas(内線 27368)